Physiotherapy for Knee Pain
Knee pain is a common problem that can originate in any of the bony structures compromising the knee joint (femur, tibia, fibula), the kneecap (patella), or the ligaments and cartilage (meniscus) of the knee.
Knee pain can be aggravated by physical activity, as well as obesity, affected by the surrounding muscles and their movements, and be triggered by other problems (such as a foot injury).
Knee pain can affect people of all ages, and home remedies can be helpful unless it becomes severe.
What causes knee pain?
There are a varied number of causes for knee pain. The most common ones are:
Acute injury: such as a broken bone, torn ligament, or meniscal tear
Medical conditions: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, infections
Chronic use or overuse conditions: osteoarthritis, chondromalacia, IT band syndrome, patellar syndromes, tendinitis, and bursitis
What are knee pain symptoms and signs?
The location of the knee pain can vary depending on which structure is involved. With infection or an inflammatory process, the whole knee might be swollen and painful, while a torn meniscus or fracture of a bone gives symptoms only in one specific location. A Baker cyst will usually cause pain in the back of the knee.
The severity of the joint pain can vary, from a minor ache to a severe and disabling pain.
Some of the other signs and symptoms that accompany knee pain are
Difficulty weight bearing or walking due to instability of the knee
Limping due to discomfort
Difficulty walking up or down steps due to ligament damage
Locking of the knee (unable to bend the knee)
Redness and swelling
The common conditions encountered by the knee joint are
Ligament and Meniscal Tears
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
How can physiotherapy help in Knee Pain?
Physiotherapy treatment will vary widely between patients based on the following factors:
Stage of injury (acute or chronic)
Fitness level of the patient
Patients lifestyle factors and goals of treatment
Severity of the injury or the underlying disease