Stroke

What is a stroke?
It is an injury to the brain tissue caused by an interruption in the blood supply, either due to a clot blocking the artery (ischemic stroke) or a rupture in the blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke).


What problems are faced after a stroke?

  • Spasticity: Excessive, continuous contractions of the muscles that hamper movement and may cause joint deformity in the long run.

  • Flaccidity: Muscles that are not able to contract as they receive no signal from the brain to do so.

  • Hemiplegia: Loss of strength and/or sensation on one side of the body and face.

  • Loss of speech: if the stroke occurred in the area of the brain responsible for speech.

  • Loss of balance, ability to walk, or grasp objects.

  • Difficulty remembering or forming new memories, making complex decisions, etc.

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How can physiotherapy help? 

  • In the initial days after a stroke, the focus is to maintain range in the joints and strength in the muscles. This stage may involve mostly passive treatment or modalities, although some patients can progress to active exercises relatively soon.

  • After discharge the treatment is aimed to relearn the movements and functions governed by the affected area of the brain. 

  • Neuro physiotherapists use many research backed techniques and methods to regain these movements. The therapy required to recover from a neurological injury is typically intense, involving thousands of repetitions of a certain movement. For this purpose, supervised sessions with an experienced physiotherapist are vital.

How long does stroke recovery usually take, and how does it happen? 

  • It can be measured in years.

  •  Exercise and rehabilitation help to take advantage of a property called neuroplasticity, which enables existing brain cells to take over some function of the cells damaged by the stroke.

To Know more click- Steps after a stroke